Skip to main content
Fig. 2 | BMC Veterinary Research

Fig. 2

From: Metabolic derangements and reduced survival of bile-extracted Asiatic black bears (Ursus thibetanus)

Fig. 2

Longitudinal comparison of serum analyte measurements between bile-extracted (n = 239) and farm-not-extracted (n = 24) bears from day of arrival from bile farms (Year 0) to either death or until 14 years post-rescue demonstrating greater elevations in BE bears that persist over time. ALT = alanine transaminase, GGT = gamma glutamyltransferase, ALKP = alkaline phosphatase, CREA = creatinine, gray boxes = bile-extracted bears, white boxes = farm-not-extracted bears. Note the split y-axis for CREA. Horizontal lines represent the upper limit of normal reference range for Asiatic black bears [13,14,15]

Back to article page
\