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Fig. 2 | BMC Veterinary Research

Fig. 2

From: The impact of Aloe vera and licorice extracts on selected mechanisms of humoral and cell-mediated immunity in pigeons experimentally infected with PPMV-1

Fig. 2

Mean relative expression of the genes encoding IFN-ɣ and CD3, CD4, CD8 receptors, in splenic mononuclear cells of pigeons inoculated with PPMV-1 and administered herbal extracts, at 4, 7 and 14 dpi. The mean relative expression values above 1 (black line) in groups A1-D1 indicate higher gene expression in comparison with the control group (K1). The statistical differences between groups are marked with an asterisk. Error bars represent the standard error of the mean

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